Dental plaque and saliva play a major role in causing localized disintegration of tooth surface that leads to dental caries. There is a high incidence of dental caries affecting children which cause harm both to the population and individual health. If treated at earlier stages, dental caries in baby teeth is a preventable and reversible disease. But will lead to pain, infection, alteration in growth and development, premature loss of primary (milk) teeth, negative impact on the permanent successor, speech disorder, increased treatment costs if the treatment is delayed.
Various terms are used to express the pattern of dental caries in young children. “Early childhood tooth decay,” “early childhood caries (ECC),” “bottle caries,” “nursing caries,” “baby bottle tooth decay,” or “night bottle mouth" are the terms used.
The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) in the year 2005, defined ECC as “the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (because of caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child aged 71 months or younger.”
Various research has confirmed that ECC is a multifactorial disease. It is caused by poor oral hygiene, poor dietary habits, bacterial invasion, etc. This type of decay influences generally young kids under poverty. Teeth which are usually vulnerable to caries have structural damage.