Removable orthodontic appliances can be taken care of at home. That is an advantage for the patient. The patient is educated by the orthodontist at the time of the delivery of the appliance. Oral care and oral hygiene maintenance are the major aspects covered by the orthodontist.
Oral hygiene maintenance
The patient is asked to clean the teeth after every meal and before sleeping. The patient also has to clean the appliance with a soft brush. Patients who do not clean the appliance and their teeth are more prone to gingival inflammation and disease.
Irritation of the surrounding soft tissues
The removable plates should be finished and polished properly. Any sharp edges or ill-fits may lead to ulcers and irritation. Retentive components should not impinge on the soft tissues. A proper fitting should be provided at the time of delivery. Follow-ups are necessary to check any discomforts caused by the base plate or the components.
Improper oral hygiene and care may lead to dental caries. Food lodgement should not be allowed.
Impingement of the appliance causes pain. Excessive forces can even cause tenderness and pain during tooth movement.
Excessive forces applied may cause tooth mobility. Even traumatic occlusion can cause mobility and pain.