Common Oral Diseases, Conditions, and Oral Health in Elderly: Tooth loss/Edentulism
- Various oral diseases and conditions are seen in day to day life which has a great impact on overall health and general well being, under which tooth loss/edentulism is commonly seen in elderly people.
- The tooth loss is also known as Edentulism and is a common disease where one or more of the teeth is missing. It affects the elderly population worldwide.
- There is a common belief that socio-economic status of the individual influences the occurrence of edentulism.
- Other factors like smoking, age, gender, diabetes, alcohol use and individuals attention towards oral health maintenance have been seen to increase edentulism.
- Due to loss of teeth, an individual’s ability to chew is affected which in turn affects the nutritional intake, choice of foods selected, and diet.
- If eating becomes a painful process, individuals tend to decrease eating intervals which leads to malnutrition.
- This loss of nutrients prompts a weakening of an elderly person’s immune system and could result in the development of various health problems